Spring Maintenance Checklist for Landlords
As warmer weather returns to the Northeast, bringing daffodils and spring fever, building owners and landlords should take some time to inspect their properties for maintenance issues that might have developed over the winter months. Even if you catch only one minor issue this spring, repairing it now will help protect your investment by preventing a surprise breakdown and/or costly repair later.
Use this handy checklist to stay on top of your building’s spring maintenance routine.
Outdoor Spring Maintenance Needs
Walk around the perimeter of your property and look at the following areas. Exterior issues will likely deteriorate further in warmer weather, weakening the building defenses against the elements.
- Inspect roof and siding. You’ll know your roof is damaged if you look up from the ground level to see a slightly bowed surface or crumbling roofing materials falling into your flowerbeds. Damaged siding materials can also crumble, but siding is more likely to crack or become discolored. Without repairs, roofing and siding damage can lead to water damage and mold growth after the next spring rainstorm.
- Check gutters and downspouts. In winter, clogged gutters and downspouts expand when they freeze, causing them to warp, crack, or detach from your roof. Walk around the perimeter of your property and look for gutter damage. Keep an eye out for pools of water around the base of your building that are nowhere near a downspout. Damages to gutters and downspouts can lead to a leaky roof or foundation problems.
- Inspect stairs, pathways, wooden decks, and outdoor common spaces. You’re looking for cracks in the sidewalks and stairs as well as wood rot on decks and patios that could become hazards for tenants and guests.
- Clean exterior vents. Debris can build up around your building’s dryer, bathroom, and range vents. Clearing away any debris will help prevent fires.
- Clean outdoor HVAC components. If your HVAC equipment has an outdoor component, remove debris from around and inside the unit. An obstructed outdoor unit won’t function as efficiently, causing it to work harder and shorten its service life.
- Check doors and windows. Replace any loose or missing weatherstripping to seal any air leaks.
- Inspect exterior faucets. If your building has exterior faucets that haven’t been turned on for a few months, try turning on the tap. Hire a plumber to check for piping leaks if you find low or weak water pressure.
- Prune trees. Branches that were weighed down by snow and ice could be close to falling. Remove weakened branches before summer storms bring high winds.
Indoor Spring Maintenance Needs
As you move inside, check for signs that your building’s systems are wearing out. Worn systems can increase your utility bills and create potential safety issues.
- Test smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. Change the batteries in smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, as applicable, and press the “test” buttons to make sure the alarms still sound at a level all residents can hear.
- Check the attic and subterranean areas. Attics, basements, cellars and crawlspaces can become havens for mold and mildew growth in case of roofing or siding leaks. Inspect these areas and check for mildew smells. If you have a sump pump in the basement, make sure it still works.
- Replace HVAC filters. Changing out the air filter in a heating or cooling unit increases its efficiency and extends the service life.
- Test building thermostats. Make sure the thermostats activate the appropriate system when adjusted to a setting other than the current room temperature.
- Inspect piping. A licensed plumber can use specialized tools to find hidden leaks that could increase your water bill or cause water damage. If a tenant ever complains about low water pressure or a soft thumping noise in a wall, contact a plumber as soon as possible.
- Flush the water heater. NYC’s water is considered “moderately hard,” and mineral buildups can slowly reduce your water heater’s efficiency if it’s not flushed regularly. Water heaters (including tankless models) in need of flushing will take longer to heat water. A licensed plumber can flush out any buildups.
- Check for pests. Undetected leaks in the winter increase indoor humidity in the spring and summer, which invites critters into your building. If your building has pests, you might notice a musty odor that won’t go away or small corner nests with droppings nearby.
- Look for water damage. Check common areas and storage rooms for puckering drywall or stains on the walls or ceilings.
For more information, check out our year-round maintenance guide for landlords.
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